TH Darmstadt, Germany, Dipl. He has submitted several important technical papers to the Journal of the Audio Engineering Society and other related publications, which have become foundational to modern loudspeaker theory. Examples of his recent work include extensive development of dipolar loudspeaker theory. He left no diary, nor chatty relatives to memorialize him in print.
Svejk September 25, at These numbers appear to include very high-value products like bulbs natch and seed stock varieties of various plants, and also finished products like cheeses. I wonder if it is useful to tease out the role of geography.
The Netherlands may be advantaged as an export-oriented market for high-value goods as a small nation with a history of shipping expertise located right next to multiple foreign markets on the same currency. Will these practices be useful for Ukrainian wheat farmers beyond encouraging them to diversify into potato seed stocks and yoghurt?
Steve Sailer September 26, at The lowland countries have been among the most densely populated parts of Europe for the last years or so. Stapel September 26, at 1: Half of the Netherlands is below sea level, and its natural state is marsh. This means high groundwater levels, and very clayey soils.
These soils are completely unsuitable for arable farming: Grass is more resilient, so these areas have been turned into pastures for dairy farming. Historically this was not always so.
The entire west of the Netherlands used to feature raised peat soils. As peat is essentially potting soil, crops will grow very well.
However, the necessary drainage means oxidation of the organic material. In roughly a years, over 10 m of the soil has disappeared in these areas!
All current highly productive soils have a sandy loam texture: Additionally, weathering of the clay releases nutrients. In the Netherlands, these soils are concentrated in three areas: The excellent soils have played a role in getting the intensive agriculture going, but no longer play a role.
Most large scale new greenhouses are being built on marginal soils. The Netherlands have been populated very densely, for so long, that there are essentially no natural landscapes to be found in the country. Forests have since long time been managed for wood production much less so in recent history.
The last 'wild' landscapes have been turned into agricultural land in the s after the invention of chemical nitrogen fertilizer. Before, the soil nutrient status would be so low that no cows would survive on those lands. Besides flowers and seeds, their top 3 agri exports are meat, dairy, and poultry.
Kind of like the US importing more crude oil than it uses, refining it, and exporting a portion of the refined product. While a lot of the agriculture done in the Netherlands demonstrates good practices to use for sustainable agriculture, the massive value of their exports is mostly due to simply being the trading center for food for most of Europe.
Also, I wonder how much of this is tied into seeds. Seeds are really hard to do well, and I could totally see this approach to agriculture having a major competitive advantage in producing them. In terms of honesty, NatG would have been better to compare to European or even Scandinavian averages, instead of comparing the Low Country farmers to hill peasants in Chile.
All farming in the Netherlands is either urban or suburban. The farm land itself is incredibly valuable for housing, so in order to compensate, the crops have to be really valuable. Much easier to just grow a particular crop to an earlier eating stage. It actually makes sense for a small, highly educated, technology-soaked country to go the seed stock route.
The picture of the guy in the greenhouse — the huge tomato bushes are typical for greenhouse stock, which are generally indeterminate and so keep on growing and putting out new blossums throughout their lifetime.
Supported on wires, the tomatoes keep on growing and are lowered mechanically so they can be picked.
And finally…the picture of the chicken house. All in all, I found this NatG article interesting but insufficient — enough to spark interest, not enough to actually educate, and leaving me wondering what was left out. Stapel September 26, at 2: Additionally, the Netherlands is urbanizing further at the moment, with a great deal of educated young people moving towards the cities in the west Randstad.You know that feeling when you’re midway through doing something — maybe listening to a nostalgic song, maybe dancing — and some fundamentally huge penny drops in your head?
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A much deeper concern, not nearly as conspicuous, is rarely voiced.
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