Are we to deprive ourselves of the help and guidance of that vast body of knowledge which is daily growing upon the world, because neither we nor any other one person can possibly test a hundredth part of it by immediate experiment or observation, and because it would not be completely proved if we did? Shall we steal and tell lies because we have had no personal experience wide enough to justify the belief that it is wrong to do so? There is no practical danger that such consequences will ever follow from scrupulous care and self-control in the matter of belief.
Is no one inspired by our present picture of the universe?
This value of science remains unsung by singersyou are reduced to hearing not a song or poembut an evening lecture about it. This is not yet a scientific age. Our freedom to doubt was born out of a struggle against authority in the early days of science.
It was a very deep and strong struggle: I think that it is important that we do not forget this struggle and thus perhaps lose what we have gained. The scientist has a lot of experience with ignorance and doubt and uncertainty, and this experience is of very great importance, I think.
When he has a hunch as to what the result is, he is uncertain. And when he is pretty darn sure of what the result is going to be, he is still in some doubt.
We have found it of paramount importance that in order to progress we must recognize our ignorance and leave room for doubt. Scientific knowledge is a body of statements of varying degrees of certainty — some most unsure, some nearly sure, but none absolutely certain.
Footnotes: (1) Some researchers claim that Weishaupt did not think out the plan for the "new" secret society himself, but that he was appointed by the Freemasons to create a secret society capable of starting the French Revolution. - Wes Penre, srmvision.com (2) In an interview, former National Security Chief Zbigniew Brzezinski . Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our . Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire, on 14 March His parents were Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer, and Pauline srmvision.com , the family moved to Munich, where Einstein's father and his uncle Jakob founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, a company that .
Now, we scientists are used to this, and we take it for granted that it is perfectly consistent to be unsure, that it is possible to live and not know. But, in admitting this, we have probably found the open channel. This is not a new idea; this is the idea of the age of reason.
This is the philosophy that guided the men who made the democracy that we live under. The idea that no one really knew how to run a government led to the idea that we should arrange a system by which new ideas could be developed, tried out, and tossed out if necessary, with more new ideas brought in — a trial and error system.
This method was a result of the fact that science was already showing itself to be a successful venture at the end of the eighteenth century.
Even then it was clear to socially minded people that the openness of possibilities was an opportunity, and that doubt and discussion were essential to progress into the unknown.
If we want to solve a problem that we have never solved before, we must leave the door to the unknown ajar. We are at the very beginning of time for the human race. It is not unreasonable that we grapple with problems.
But there are tens of thousands of years in the future. Our responsibility is to do what we can, learn what we can, improve the solutions, and pass them on. It is our responsibility to leave the people of the future a free hand. In the impetuous youth of humanity, we can make grave errors that can stunt our growth for a long time.
This we will do if we say we have the answers now, so young and ignorant as we are. If we suppress all discussion, all criticism, proclaiming "This is the answer, my friends; man is saved! It has been done so many times before. It is our responsibility as scientists, knowing the great progress which comes from a satisfactory philosophy of ignorance, the great progress which is the fruit of freedom of thought, to proclaim the value of this freedom; to teach how doubt is not to be feared but welcomed and discussed; and to demand this freedom as our duty to all coming generations.
The Feynman Lectures on Physics [ edit ] Stuck on this carousel my little eye can catch one-million-year-old light. A vast pattern — of which I am a part It does not do harm to the mystery to know a little more about it.
Far more marvelous is the truth than any artists of the past imagined! Why do the poets of the present not speak of it? There in wine is found the great generalization: It is important to realize that in physics today, we have no knowledge what energy is. Although we humans cut nature up in different ways, and we have different courses in different departments, such compartmentalization is really artificial.
In fact, everything we know is only some kind of approximation, because we know that we do not know all the laws as yet. Therefore, things must be learned only to be unlearned again or, more likely, to be corrected. I believe it is the atomic hypothesis or the atomic fact, or whatever you wish to call it that all things are made of atoms — little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another.
In that one sentence, you will see, there is an enormous amount of information about the world, if just a little imagination and thinking are applied.Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. The worthwhile problems are the ones you can really solve or help solve, the ones you can really contribute something to. No problem is too small or too trivial if we can really do something about it. You say you are a nameless man.
You are not to .
Big Stories Looking For Tom Lehrer, Comedy's Mysterious Genius. Tom Lehrer is considered one of the most influential figures in comedy — despite a body of work consisting of just 37 pitch-black. There is something mesmerizing about an evil genius at the height of their craft, and Eric Lander is an evil genius at the height of his craft.
Lander’s recent essay in Cell entitled “The Heroes of CRISPR” is his masterwork, at once so evil and yet so brilliant that I find it hard not to stand. Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.
Although satire is usually meant to be humorous, its greater purpose is often constructive social . There is something mesmerizing about an evil genius at the height of their craft, and Eric Lander is an evil genius at the height of his craft.
Lander’s recent essay in Cell entitled “The Heroes of CRISPR” is his masterwork, at once so evil and yet so brilliant that I find it hard not to stand.