Background[ edit ] During the Nazi occupation of the NetherlandsAnne Frank received a blank diary as one of her presents on June 12,her 13th birthday. He was licensed to manufacture and sell pectina substance used to make jam.
Visit Website In Maythe Germans, who had entered World War II in September of the previous year, invaded the Netherlands and quickly made life increasingly restrictive and dangerous for Jewish people there.
Between the summer of and Septemberthe Nazis and their Dutch collaborators deported more thanJews in Holland to extermination camps. Life for the eight people in the small apartment, which Anne Frank referred to as the Secret Annex, was tense.
The group lived in constant fear of being discovered and could never go outside. They had to remain quiet during daytime in order to avoid detection by the people working in the warehouse below.
Anne passed the time, in part, by chronicling her observations and feelings in a diary she had received for her 13th birthday, a month before her family went into hiding. Addressing her diary entries to an imaginary friend she called Kitty, Anne Frank wrote about life in hiding, including her impressions of the other inhabitants of the Secret Annex, her feelings of loneliness and her frustration over the lack of privacy.
While she detailed typical teenage issues such as crushes on boys, arguments with her mother and resentments toward her sister, Frank also displayed keen insight and maturity when she wrote about the war, humanity and her own identity. She also penned short stories and essays during her time in hiding.
The Franks are Captured by the Nazis On August 4,after 25 months in hiding, Anne Frank and the seven others in the Secret Annex were discovered by the Gestapo, the German secret state police, who had learned about the hiding place from an anonymous tipster who has never been definitively identified.
From there, in Septemberthe group was transported by freight train to the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination and concentration camp complex in German-occupied Poland. Anne and Margot Frank were spared immediate death in the Auschwitz gas chambers and instead were sent to Bergen-Belsen, a concentration camp in northern Germany.
In Marchthe Frank sisters died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen; their bodies were thrown into a mass grave. Several weeks later, on April 15,British forces liberated the camp. Edith Frank died of starvation at Auschwitz in January Hermann van Pels died in the gas chambers at Auschwitz soon after his arrival there in ; his wife is believed to have likely died at the Theresienstadt concentration camp in what is now the Czech Republic in the spring of Peter van Pels died at the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria in May Fritz Pfeffer died from illness in late December at the Neuengamme concentration camp in Germany.
Margot Frank also kept a diary, but it was never found. Otto Frank knew that Anne wanted to become an author or journalist, and had hoped her wartime writings would one day be published.
Anne had even been inspired to edit her diary for posterity after hearing a March radio broadcast from an exiled Dutch government official who urged the Dutch people to keep journals and letters that would help provide a record of what life was like under the Nazis.
It is required reading at schools around the globe and has been adapted for the stage and screen.History And Memory In The Diary Of Anne Frank The Diary of Anne Frank The story Diary of Anne Frank was a very interesting book which showed the ways a group of Jewish people during the 's went about trying to conceal their identity and themselves.
Anne Frank, The Diary of a Young Girl, 12 June Silent witness to a young girl’s life in a time of war Shortly before the Frank family goes into . May 26, · A German-Jewish teen hides with her family and others in the attic of an Amsterdam office building during the Holocaust.
Nov 09, · Watch video · Anne Frank’s diary of her family’s time in hiding, first published in , has been translated into almost 70 languages and is one of . Anne Frank, The Diary of a Young Girl, 12 June Silent witness to a young girl’s life in a time of war Shortly before the Frank family goes into hiding, Anne gets a diary for her birthday.
Dagboekbrieven 14 Juni – 1 Augustus (The Annex: Diary Notes 14 June – 1 August ) by Contact Publishing in Amsterdam in , the diary received widespread critical and popular attention on the appearance of its English language translation Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl by Doubleday & Company (United States) and Vallentine Mitchell (United Kingdom) in