Phillips thesis slavery

This encounter led to a long partnership between Douglass and the Anti-Slavery Society. Garrison recalls immediately recruiting Douglass as an anti--slavery promoter to aid the abolitionist cause and to make American audiences question their prejudice against blacks. Since Garrison recruited him, Douglass has been a successful and persuasive speaker. Garrison argues that any race would have become as degraded as the Negro race, had they been subjected to slavery.

Phillips thesis slavery

Thirdly, he laments and critiques Phillips thesis slavery failure of these radicals to move beyond mere rhetoric and demonstrate true revolutionary resolve. In the psyches of Americans, black and white, there are powerful links between slave insurrections and modern urban revolts.

White reactionaries and black nationalists battled over the hotly contested image of Nat Turner, each regarding him as a distant mirror reflecting their divergent perceptions of contemporary black militancy. Phillips, American Negro Slavery: Histories of slavery written in the ante-bellum period by both Northern abolitionists and Southern pro-slavery advocates were characterized less by objective research than by polemics-understandably so, since the issue was so politically explosive that it led to the Civil War.

Nevertheless, in its attitudes toward race, American Negro Slavery was a pro-slavery panegyric. He sought to dismantle the arguments of the ante-bellum abolitionist historians through a meticulous, monumental empirical investigation of plantation life, records, and statistics.

His biased selection and interpretation of data underscored the Southern notion that slavery was a rather mild and Phillips thesis slavery institution-nothing like the harsh and cruel system portrayed by the anti-slavery exponents. Writing in the backdrop of the burgeoning Civil Rights Movement-the Brown vs.

In documenting the widespread resistance to slavery, Stampp deflated the myth of a docile, infantile, contented, happy-go-lucky slave. The folkloric Sambo was not yet laid to rest, however.

Whereas Phillips had merely alluded to Sambo with descriptive adjectives, Elkins gave Sambo definitive nomenclature.

For Elkins, Sambo was a very real historical personality type; for the historians and social scientists who read and responded to Elkins, Sambo was a theoretical construct with which they wrestled. Coming in on the heels of Stampp, the Elkins thesis heralded yet another revolution in the historiography of slavery.

For Elkins, as for Stampp, slavery was a harsh, brutal, oppressive system, so oppressive in fact that Elkins believed that its victims were transformed into docile, irresponsible, child-like dependents. But as Clarke has noted, Elkins is modern and sophisticated.

Elkins rejects theories of racial, genetic or biological determinism. Elkins asserts that a genetic explanation for the Sambo personality is outmoded and unnecessary, that we simply need to look to environmental factors for causation. Sambo was real-it was the environment of the oppressive American slave system which created him.

To adapt a phrase describing the relationship of Marx to Hegel, Elkins is a modernist Phillipian, a neo-Phillipian who has turned Phillips on his head. Sambo, the typical plantation slave, was docile but irresponsible, loyal but lazy, humble but chronically given to lying and stealing; his behavior full of infantile silliness and his talk inflated with childish exaggeration.

His relationship with his master was one of utter dependence and childlike attachment: Careers and reputations have been made by bad-mouthing black people.

Phillips thesis slavery

Black-bashing generates controversy, controversy in turn generates peer response a spate of articles pro and conand widespread peer response ensures fame, mobility, promotion and tenure.

The Sambo thesis must be examined in this light. Yet it cannot be readily dismissed, as in the case, for example, of The Bell Curve theory. Bad, warmed-over, re-hashed science. It was Social Darwinism all over again, eugenics all over again.

It was Arthur Jensen and William Shockley all over again. Hence the gifted high-IQ creme rises to the top of the social ladder and the low IQ dregs sink to the bottom. Reincarnation and karma-the universal law of cause and effect-gave rationale and legitimacy to the oppressive caste system in ancient India.

An ancient mystical doctrine-yet a much more enchanting theory about social stratification than the 20th-century science fiction version: Those of us who grew up in ghetto neighborhoods, all knew someone like the brutha in the numbers rackets whom comedian Richard Pryor so aptly described: He booked the numbers without pencil or paper!

Not your ordinary jailhouse lawyer! Unfortunately for Barnes, this New York Times cover article hailing his brilliance and elusiveness drew the ire of President Jimmy Carter, who put federal heat on him. Barnes subsequently was convicted in and sentenced to life in prison. Black ingenuity, of course, is not merely expressed in pathological ways; there are the endless lists of black inventors and their inventions, black cultural innovators and their innovations, which are celebrated annually in inner city schools and community centers during Black History Month; but these expressions of black genius rarely grace the cover page of the New York Times.

While we rationally, empirically and intuitively knew that The Bell Curve was wrong, Sambo was a construct that we had to wrestle with. No one would argue with this point.So writes scholar Gaines M.

After Douglass fights with Covey, Douglass is

Foster in his exploration of the history of the notion that Southern slaveholders felt guilt about slavery even as they maintained it. Phillips was born in Georgia in Hawkins, Christiane, "Historiographic Metafiction and the Neo-slave Narrative: Pastiche and Polyphony in Caryl Phillips, Toni Morrison and Sherley Anne Williams" ().

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. . A largely quantitative view of the institution of slavery in Hempstead County, Arkansas, this work does not describe the everyday lives of slaveholders and slaves.

Chapters examine the origins, expansion, economics, and demise of slavery in the county. Slavery was established as an important institution in Hempstead County at an early date. Slave Narratives from Slavery to the Great Depression Slave Narratives During Slavery and After.

The Slave Narrative Collection represents the culmination of a literary tradition that extends back to the eighteenth century, when the earliest American slave narratives began to appear.

The Sambo Thesis Revisited: Slavery’s Impact upon the African American Personality. Posted on April 19, Phillips argued that slavery had a “civilizing” and Christianizing effect on blacks, whom he saw as an inferior race.

Frederick Douglass

the thesis that slavery has had an adverse impact upon the African American personality. A more pernicious.

The Sambo Thesis Revisited: Slavery’s Impact upon the African American Personality. Posted on April 19, Phillips argued that slavery had a “civilizing” and Christianizing effect on blacks, whom he saw as an inferior race.

the thesis that slavery has had an adverse impact upon the African American personality. A more pernicious.

The history of the history of American slavery |