However, their number is relatively small:
Debussy senior ran a china shop and his wife was a seamstress. Manuel worked in a printing factory. During his stay in Cannes, the seven-year-old Debussy had his first piano lessons; his aunt paid for him to study with an Italian musician, Jean Cerutti.
Among his fellow Communard prisoners was his friend Charles de Sivry, a musician. Marmontel said of him "A charming child, a truly artistic temperament; much can be expected of him".
Emile Durand wrote in a report "Debussy would be an excellent pupil if he were less sketchy and less cavalier. He was a fine pianist and an outstanding sight readerwho could have had a professional career had he wished,  but he was only intermittently diligent in his studies.
She soon became Debussy's mistress as well as his muse. Whether Vasnier was content to tolerate his wife's affair with the young student or was simply unaware of it is not clear, but he and Debussy remained on excellent terms, and he continued to encourage the composer in his career.
The Prix carried with it a residence at the Villa Medicithe French Academy in Rometo further the winner's studies.
Debussy was there from January to Marchwith three or possibly four absences of several weeks when he returned to France, chiefly to see Marie Vasnier. He was much more impressed by the music of the 16th-century composers Palestrina and Lassuswhich he heard at Santa Maria dell'Anima: But there is no help for it!
I am too enamoured of my freedom, too fond of my own ideas! The Academy chided him for writing music that was "bizarre, incomprehensible and unperformable".
He responded positively to Wagner's sensuousness, mastery of form, and striking harmonies,  and was briefly influenced by them,  but, unlike some other French composers of his generation, he concluded that there was no future in attempting to adopt and develop Wagner's style.
The gamelan scales, melodies, rhythms, and ensemble textures appealed to him, and echoes of them are heard in "Pagodes" in his piano suite Estampes. His behaviour was widely condemned; anonymous letters circulated denouncing his treatment of both women, as well as his financial irresponsibility and debts.
For three months, Debussy attended rehearsals practically every day. Maeterlinck wanted his mistress, Georgette Leblancto sing the role, and was incensed when she was passed over in favour of the Scottish soprano Mary Garden.
Raoul introduced his teacher to his mother, to whom Debussy quickly became greatly attracted. When he returned to Paris he set up home on his own, taking a flat in a different arrondissement. Some praised the work, but Pierre Lalocritic of Le Tempshitherto an admirer of Debussy, wrote, "I do not hear, I do not see, I do not smell the sea".
She outlived her father by scarcely a year, succumbing to the diphtheria epidemic of He loved his music — and perhaps himself. I think he was wrapped up in his genius",  but biographers are agreed that whatever his relations with lovers and friends, Debussy was devoted to his daughter.
In the same year, Debussy was diagnosed with colorectal cancerfrom which he was to die nine years later. That, and the three Imagespremiered the following year, were the composer's last orchestral works. It achieved only a temporary respite, and occasioned him considerable frustration "There are mornings when the effort of dressing seems like one of the twelve labours of Hercules".
Debussy never became one. The military situation did not permit the honour of a public funeral with ceremonious graveside orations. List of compositions by Claude Debussy by genre and List of compositions by Claude Debussy by Lesure number In a survey of Debussy's oeuvre shortly after the composer's death, the critic Ernest Newman wrote, "It would be hardly too much to say that Debussy spent a third of his life in the discovery of himself, a third in the free and happy realisation of himself, and the final third in the partial, painful loss of himself".
Because of, rather than in spite of, his preoccupation with chords in themselves, he deprived music of the sense of harmonic progression, broke down three centuries' dominance of harmonic tonality, and showed how the melodic conceptions of tonality typical of primitive folk-music and of medieval music might be relevant to the twentieth century"  Debussy did not give his works opus numbersapart from his String Quartet op.Get this from a library!
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Achille-Claude Debussy (French: [aʃil klod dəbysi]; 22 August – 25 March ) was a French composer. He is sometimes seen as the first Impressionist composer, although he vigorously rejected the term. He was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
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