Zimbabwe history and politics

Place in a saucepan with the water. Bring to a boil and cook, stirring occasionally, just until the greens are crunchy-tender, about 2 to 3 minutes. Place a strainer or colander over a large bowl and drain the greens, reserving the cooking liquid in the bowl.

Zimbabwe history and politics

Bantu expansion Stoneage paintings by the San located near MurewaZimbabwe. Prior to the arrival of Bantu speakers in present-day Zimbabwe the region was populated by ancestors of the San people. The first Bantu-speaking farmers arrived during the Bantu expansion around years ago.

This tradition was part of the eastern stream [3] of Bantu expansion sometimes called Kwale [4] which originated west of the Great Lakes, spreading to the coastal regions of southeastern Kenya and north eastern Tanzania, and then southwards to Mozambique, south eastern Zimbabwe and Natal.

Imports of beads have been found at Gokomere and Ziwa sites, possibly in return for gold exported to the coast. A later phase of the Gokomere culture was the Zhizo in southern Zimbabwe.

Zhizo communities settled in the Shashe-Limpopo area in the tenth century. Their capital there was Schroda just across the Limpopo River from Zimbabwe. Many fragments of ceramic figurines have been recovered from there, figures of animals and birds, and also fertility dolls.

The inhabitants produced ivory bracelets and other ivory goods. Imported beads found there and at other Zhizo sites, are evidence of trade, probably of ivory and skins, with traders on the Indian Ocean coast. The terms eastern and western streams represent the expansion of the Bantu speaking peoples in terms of their culture.

Another question is the branches of the Bantu languages which they spoke. Their language, whatever it was, was superseded by the ancestral Shona languages, although Ehret says that a set of Nyasa words occur in central Shona dialects today.

While it may well be the case that the people of the western stream spoke a language belonging to a wider Eastern Bantu division, it is a puzzle which remains to be resolved that they spoke a language most closely related to the languages just mentioned, all of which are today spoken in southeastern Africa.

After the Shona speaking people moved into the present day Zimbabwe many different dialects developed over time in the different parts of the country.

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Among these was Kalanga. Towers of Great Zimbabwe. It is believed that Kalanga speaking societies first emerged in the middle Limpopo valley in the 9th century before moving on to the Zimbabwean highlands.

The Zimbabwean plateau eventually became the centre of subsequent Kalanga states.

Robert Mugabe: From Teacher to Freedom Fighter

The Kingdom of Mapungubwe was the first in a series of sophisticated trade states developed in Zimbabwe by the time of the first European explorers from Portugal. They traded in gold, ivory and copper for cloth and glass.Aug 16,  · All Gallup articles on Politics.

News. Read about the attitudes and behaviors of the world's 7 billion citizens. The leader of Zimbabwe since its independence in , Robert Mugabe () is one of the longest-serving and, in the latter years of his reign, most infamous African rulers.

Trained as a teacher. History, Politics, and Power in Zimbabwe (African Histories and Modernities) Set up a giveaway There's a problem loading this menu right srmvision.comcturer: Palgrave Macmillan.

Zimbabwe history and politics

Africa in History [Basil Davidson] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Prior to the original publication of Africa in History, the history and development of Africa had been.

The Economic History of Zimbabwe began with the transition to majority rule in and Britain's ceremonial granting of independence. The new government under Prime Minister Robert Mugabe.

Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe, landlocked country of southern Africa. It shares a mile (kilometre) border on the south with the Republic of South Africa and is bounded on the southwest and west by Botswana, on the north by Zambia, and on the northeast and east by Mozambique.

The capital is Harare (formerly.

Zimbabwe country profile - BBC News